The gums are the pink soft tissue structure found covering the teeth and bones. At health, it follows a knife-edge scalloping formation that follows the curvatures of the collars of the teeth. It has a beautiful collar pink color and surface that presents with some stippling, thus appearing like an orange peel. What is true is that although fairly visible in the mouth, patients do not always regard the gingiva as important. They understand that the teeth require attention, but the gums are often ignored.
The Gums and the Teeth
If you want to preserve the health and beauty of your teeth, you need to pay good attention to your gums because the health of your pearly whites, rely on the health of your gums. Periodontal Disease is the leading cause of tooth loss and if you do not pay attention to the health of your gums, you can very well say goodbye to your teeth.
You may not be aware of it but battling with Peridontal Disease can be a nightmare and failing to combat it is going to be awful. It starts simply and almost non-threatening, but to get a better grasp of the awful course of the disease progression, it is essential to you understand the process of infection:
Phase 1: Plaque Accumulation: Plaque accumulates in the mouth on a daily basis. Ideally, your oral hygiene practices should rid your mouth of disease-causing plaque, so that proper health is maintained. Unfortunately, some efforts fail so that plaque continues to collect and then calcifies.
Phase 2: Bacterial Invasion: Plaque is formed from the combination of saliva, bacteria and substrate sugar. Saliva and bacteria (in its dormant stage) are inherent in the mouth, and therefore cannot be controlled. What you can control is the collection of food particles. When food is allowed to settle in mouth, it encourages bacteria to thrive and wreck havoc.
Phase 3: Soft Tissue Irritation: Plaque that further collects shall calcify. Calcified plaque is also known as calcular deposits or calculus and when they collect at the sulcus in between the teeth and the gums, it can cause soft tissue irritation. This accumulation will disrupt the connections afforded by the periodontal fibers so that the once firm attachment of the gums will be lost. The gums will appear flabbly and swollen, the knife-edge scalloping formation is no longer present —- instead, you will have bulbous interdental papilla. At this phase, the patient is said to b suffering from Gingivitis.
Phase 4: Bone Infection: Gingivitis is reversible, but if the disease is allowed to progress the infection spreads to the bone so that significant bone tissue is lost. When bone is lost, the roots of the teeth will be exposed, causing sensitivity; and when bone loss is more severe you can expect some tooth mobility.
Phase 5: Tooth Loss: Tooth mobility will present in varying degrees, which will indicate the amount of bone left. When the health of the bone is greatly compromised, a tooth can loose support and can be lost.
Periodontal Disease is not something you ignore. This problem is serious and it is very important that you know how relevant gum health is for one’s overall oral health condition.